By Sarara Hasan
The world is embellished with innumerable establishments of magnificent Mosques. Even though the intention for any particular Mosque remains intact universally, it may be charmed in various different styles and forms. Here are 20 of the most beautiful Mosque architectures in the world.
Jama Masjid, Delhi, India
Built using red sandstone and marble, the construction of this famous Mosque began in 1644 and is one of the last architectural marvels built during the reign of Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan.
Great Mosque of Damascus, Old City of Damascus
This Mosque is considered to be the fourth holiest place of Islam. Of particular importance are the mosaics that decorate the Mosque. Attributed to Byzantine workmen, these mosaics appear on the prayer hall, the inner side of the perimeter walls, and the court facades. Flowing rivers, fantastic houses, and richly foliate trees of variegated greens ornament its golden background.
Al Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem, Israel
This Mosque is known as the most important Mosque in Jerusalem and the third holiest Muslim site after Mecca and Medina. What makes this Mosque stand apart from others is its Romanesque style and heavy design influence from the 11th and 12th century European churches. Despite the political and social unrest that surrounds it, the Mosque will remain being one of the most jaw-dropping buildings in the world.
Sixty Dome Mosque, Bagerhat, Bangladesh
In Bangladesh, it is known as the Shait Gambuj Mosque, which translates to Sixty Dome Mosque. It is often recognized as the most impressive Muslim monument in the whole South-East Asian continent.
Jameh Mosque of Isfahan, Iran
Known as one of the oldest Mosques in Iran, this particular Mosque enjoys a special place in the history of Islamic Architecture. Its simplicity is its beauty. With its earthy interiors and exteriors, this Mosque is considered to be a Persian masterpiece.
The Great Mosque of Xi’an, Shaanxi, China
The oldest Mosque in China, the Great Mosque of Xi’an, is characterized by its Arabic lettering and decorations. Unlike most Islamic Mosques, it has neither domes nor traditional style minarets.
Masjid-e-Tooba, Karachi, Pakistan
The Masjid happens to be the largest single-dome Mosque in the world; which is 72 meters in diameter to be exact and a single 70-meter minaret. It is the 18th largest Mosque in the world. When it comes to religious establishments, its pure white marble dome is absolutely unique.
Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo, Egypt
Originally built for the new capital city of Egypt, this Mosque is enveloped with a stucco exterior, displaying influences from Byzantine architecture.
Great Mosque of Samarra, Iraq
The most remarkable feature of this Mosque is its minaret, the Malwiya Tower, which is a vast spiraling cone. At the time of its construction, it was taller than anything else in Samarra. The rulers of that time loved architecture, and this had a huge impact on architecture in the city. It is not surprising that they were responsible for such a unique masterpiece.
Hassan II Mosque, Casablanca, Morocco
This marble Mosque has some of the most amazing features. It holds the record for having the tallest minaret in the world, and being the largest Mosque in Africa. Another interesting feature is that it has a glass floor from where you can view the coast of the Atlantic Ocean.
Putra Mosque, Putrajaya, Malaysia
The Putra Mosque in Malaysia is not only breathtaking when viewed from the outside, but is equally, if not more, beautiful when viewing it from the inside out. It sits on the banks of the manmade Putrajaya Lake. The view is picturesque. The rose tinted granite gives the Mosque its signature color and stands out against the grays and blacks of the rest of the city.
Great Mosque of Djenné, Mali, Africa
Considered by many architects to be the epitome of the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style, it is one of the most famous Mosques in the world. It holds the title of being the largest mud-brick structure on the planet. The public has refrained from giving the Mosque away to modernization and has kept its traditional and unique design.
Selimiye Mosque, Edirne, Turkey
An UNESCO world heritage site, this Mosque is one of the greatest examples when it comes to Islamic architecture. From the structure to the slender but elegantly designed minarets and domes, this Mosque is an incredible reflection of architecture from the Ottoman Empire.
Shah Mosque. Isfahan, Iran
This Mosque is remarkable for the beauty of its seven-color mosaic tiles and calligraphic inscriptions. It is known as one of the everlasting beauties of Iran.
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey
This architectural beauty is an important monument representing the Byzantine Empire. It is the only building in the world that served purpose to three religions in order; Pagan, Christian Orthodox and Sunni Islam.
Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque, Shiraz, Iran
The Pink Mosque is unique for a single special feature: the whole structure is adorned with stained glass windows that turn the inside of the Mosque into a spectrum wonderland of color that is absolutely breathtaking. The Mosque was built with the intention to catch the morning sun. The brilliance of the light that comes through the windows looks like it’s from another world; almost like stepping into a kaleidoscope.
The Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey
It gets its name from the 21,000 handmade blue ceramic tiles that decorate the inside of the walls of the Mosque. ‘Nuff said!
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Named after the late president Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, The Sheikh Zayed Mosque is the largest and the grandest Mosque in the UAE. It was built to represent a place that showcases the cultural diversity of Islam side-by-side to modern architecture and art.
Al-Masjid-An-Nabawi, Medina, Saudi Arabia
Al Nabawi Mosque, often called the Prophet’s Mosque, was built by the Prophet Mohammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) situated in the city of Medina. The Mosque walls were decorated with mosaics by Coptic and Greek craftsmen, and they still stand out like gold and pearls. It is one of the largest Mosques in the world and of course, the second holiest place of Islam.
Al-Masjid Al-Haram, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
The holiest Mosque in Islam and one of the largest Mosques in the world, Al Masjid Al Haram has one of the most intricate architectural details. The atmosphere and presence of gathering people builds up to the magnificence of this holy site.